CONSEQUENCES CAUSED BY OBESITY
Obesity can occur for several reasons. Genetics plays an important role in, environment and lifestyle. If you are obese, the reasons “why” are not as important as focusing on what can be done to help yourself. Unfortunately, regardless of the reason for gaining weight, the consequences are negative and affect obesity. Short life expectancy is associated with obesity.
“Studies have shown that compared to people of normal weight, people who are obese have a 50% to 100% risk of having a higher mortality rate.”
But what are the diseases that have the highest probability of affecting obese people?
1- Type 2 diabetes
This disease was mainly diagnosed in adults over the age of 40, but for many years obesity has also been strongly associated with type 2 diabetes since about 90% of diagnosed people are overweight or obese.
2- Joint problems
The Arthritis Foundation says that more than 1 in 3 people with obesity have arthritis, and this is especially harmful since someone with joint pain is less likely to be able to exercise. Every kilogram of extra weight that is carried can exert an additional pressure of 3-4 kilograms on the knees. This can lead to significant pain and mobility challenges.
Obesity is associated with the development of several types of cancer, including:
– Breast cancer
A 2007 study estimated that approximately 85,000 new cases of cancer each year are attributable to obesity.
4- Digestive disorders
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition where the stomach flows back into the esophagus. This can irritate the esophagus causing symptoms such as heartburn. Besides being uncomfortable, reflux can lead to medical conditions like Barrett’s Esophagus, which increases the risk of cancer.
5- Breathing difficulties
Excess kilograms prevent the full expansion of the rib cage, which prevents you from breathing easily. The lungs also store excess fat, which reduces oxygen exchange in the body. A recent study found that obese adults with asthma are five times more likely to be hospitalized than non-obese adults with asthma.
6- High blood pressure and heart disease
High blood pressure can cause damage to arteries and the heart. It can even damage the brain, leading to problems such as dementia and stroke. Excess fat puts pressure on the heart and can lead to life-threatening problems, such as blockage and obstruction. The World Heart Federation says that if you are obese, you are at serious risk of developing heart disease.
Other health consequences as a cause of obesity are related to fertility and pregnancy, not controlling urine, discrimination, bullying, and wrong self-esteem.